Reno is a city that is located in Washoe County, Nevada. The city covers an area of sixty-nine square miles and has a population of over two hundred thousand citizens. Reno has historically been the gambling capital of the United States, but has seen a decline in business over the last few years. This is due to Las Vegas’ rise in popularity and stiff competition from Californian Indian casinos. Some of Reno’s historical casinos have closed their doors, including the Horseshoe Club, Fitzgerald’s Nevada Club, Palace Club and the Mapes Hotel. In the past, Reno, due to its geographical location, has gathered tourists from Sacremento and San Francisco, while Las Vegas has usually attracted tourists from San Diego and Los Angeles. In an effort to boost the number of visitors to the city, Reno has begun holding special events and festivals throughout the year. These include Hot August Nights, Best in the West Nugget Rib Cook-Off, Great Reno Balloon Race, Street Vibrations and Cinco de Mayo Festival.
Reno can trace its history to the mid-nineteenth century, when the area was inhabitated by settlers farming the fertile Truckee River Valley. In 1850, gold was discovered in Virginia City and a mining community grew up around it. Nine years later, the Comstock Lode of silver was discovered and prospectors flooded the area around it. Charles W. Fuller wanted to build a community to link Virginia City and the California Trail. So, he built a toll bridge across the Truckee River in 1859. Two years later, he sold the bridge to Myron Lake, who went on to develop the community that had sprouted around the bridge. He added to the community a mill, kiln, hotel and liver stable and renamed the community Lake’s Crossing. Six years later, Washoe County was consolidated with Roop County and Lake’s Crossing went on to become the biggest town in the county. When the Central Pacific Railroad established a rail depot at Lake’s Crossing, the population of the town began to rise rapidly. In May of 1868, Lake’s Crossing became Reno. In 1931, casino gambling was legalized in the state and this provided another economic boom for the city. The city realized during the 1950s that it was going to have to diversify its economic base, so Reno made tax breaks available to companies who relocated to the city.
The educational needs of Reno is serviced by four colleges, ten high schools, thirteen middle schools and sixty four elementary schools. Prominent colleges in the city include The University of Nevada, Truckee Meadows Community College, Nevada School of Law at Old College and Career College of Northern Nevada. High Schools in the city include Hug, McQueen, North Valleys, Washoe, Damonte Ranch, Galena and Truckee Meadows Community College High School. Middle schools in the city include Dilworth, Mendive, O’Brien, Pine, Shaw, Billinghurst, Clayton, Sparks, Trainer and Cold Springs. Elementary schools in the city of Reno include Picollo Special Education School, Sepulveda, Pleasant Valley, Risley,Booth, Maxwell, Melton, Westergard, Whitehead, Hunsberger, Hidden Valley, Allen, Mitchell, Moss, Duncan, Dunn, Elmcrest, Gomes, Jessie Hall, Spanish Springs, Donner Springs, Beasley, Jesse Beck, Bennett, Huffaker, Veterans Memorial, Warner, Sarah Winnemucca, Caughlin Ranch, Sepulveda, Sierra Vista, Corbett, Desert Heights, Diedrichsen, Double Diamond, Roy Gomm, Silver Lake, Alice Smith, Kate Smith, Mount Rose, Smithridge, Stead, Drake, Sun Valley, Lincoln Park, Taylor, Towles, Natchez, Palmer, Dodson, Peavine, Brown, Verdi, Cannan, Van Gorder, Mathews, Hunter Lake, Elizabeth Lenz, Lemmon Valley, Johnson, Juniper, Grace Warner, Echo Loder and Roy Gomm.
Reno has many year round and season activities for those looking for a little recreation. During the summer, many residents of the city haunt the three major bodies of water near the city. These are Truckee River, Pyramid Lake and of course, Lake Tahoe. At Lake Tahoe, there is fishing, water skiing, parasailing, swimming and jet-skiing. During the winter, many people come to the city for skiing and snowboarding. Within a ninety mile radius of Reno, are eight ski resorts. These include Northstar, Alpine Meadows, Sierra-at-Tahoe, Sugar Bowl, Diamond Peak, Heavenly, Mount Rose and Squaw Valley Ski Resort.
A popular attraction in Reno is the National Bowling Stadium. This is a ten pin bowling stadium that cover three hundred and sixty-three thousand square feet. It has an eighty foot geodesic aluminum dome that is built to look like a bowling ball. This stadium was opened in 1995 and is known as the Taj Mahal of the Tenpins. Its construction cost over forty-seven million dollars and it took over three years to construct. When it was built it was supposed to have eighty-one lanes, but a construction error made it necessary to convert it to seventy-eight lanes. Another important attraction in the city of Reno is the Silver Legacy Resort Casino. This casino is built on a nineteenth century Victorian theme and is situated on two city blocks. Its hotel has the largest composite dome in the world and has a replica of a silver mining rig. The resort has a health spa, pool, a variety of restaurants, retail vendors and a skywalks that links it to the Eldorado Hotel Casino and the Circus Circus. The hotel has forty-two floors and stands at over four hundred feet.
Other popular attractions in the city of Reno include the National Automobile Museum, Animal Ark, Greg London’s ICONS, Nevada Museum of Art, Lake Ridge Golf Course, Bartley Ranch Regional Park, Mt. Rose Ski Resort, Wolf Run Golf Club, Fleischmann Planetarium and Science Center, Casino at Sienna Hotel Spa, Sierra Safari Zoo, Spa Toscana at Peppermill, Club Cal-Neva Virginian Casino, Casino at Silver Legacy Resort, Rum Bullions Island Bar, McKinley Arts And Culture Center, Chapel of the Bells, Wingfield Park Amphitheater, Harrah’s Reno Casino, Rosewood Lakes Golf Course, Baldini’s Sports Casino, Pioneer Center for the Performing Arts, Great Basin Adventure, Celebration Wedding Chapel, Virginia Lake Park, The Sands Casino, Ramada Inn Speakeasy Casino, Bonanza Casino, Reno Riverwalk Wine Walk, Nevada Museum of Art and Atlantis Casino.